Aimé Fernand David Césaire (26 June 1913 – 17 April 2008) was born in Basse-Pointe, Martinique. He traveled to Paris to attend the Lycée Louis-le-Grand on an educational scholarship. In Paris, Césaire created, with Léopold Sédar Senghor and Léon Damas, the literary review L'Étudiant Noir (The Black Student). In 1936, Césaire began work on his long poem Cahier d'un retour au pays natal, a vivid and powerful depiction of the ambiguities of Caribbean life and culture in the New World and this upon returning home to Martinique.
In 1947 he was finally able to publish his book-length poem Cahier d'un retour au pays natal (Notebook of a Return to the Native Land), which had first been published in the Parisian periodical Volontés in 1939. The book mixes poetry and prose to express his thoughts on the cultural identity of black Africans in a colonial setting. French surrealist poet André Breton contributed a laudatory introduction to this 1947 edition, saying that the "poem is nothing less than the greatest lyrical monument of our times."
Read more from Césaire's Wikipedia biography.
Poetic Neptune and prosaic Mercury straddle the Descendant all in the Piscean decan of Cancer.
NATAL DATA and ASTROLOGY CHART
BIRTH DATA: Aimé Fernand David Césaire, 26 June 1913, 20:00 (8 p.m.) AST (+4), Basse-Pointe, Martinique (14n52, 61w07). ASC: 25 Capricorn. RR: B (from biography). SOURCE: Sy Scholfield (c) quotes David Alliot, Aimé Césaire: Le nègre universel (Gollion, Switzerland: Infolio éditions, 2008), p. 24: "En 1911, peu après leur mariage, Marie Félicité met au monde Orner Césaire, le premier enfant de la famille. Le deuxième enfant du couple, Aimé Fernand David Césaire naît le 26 juin 1913 à Basse-Pointe vers huit heures du soir."
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